Extent of Transport Crime
Levels of transport-related crimes and other incidents are difficult to identify because of the way in which they are recorded. Research also shows that many problems, particularly less serious ones, go unreported to the police and do not appear in official statistics.
Although actual crime levels on public transport are generally low, concerns about personal safety can be high and can deter people from making journeys. Research shows that fear of crime is higher after dark and that certain groups have higher levels of crime than others. For example, members of black and minority ethnic communities, who reveal concerns about personal security and racist attacks; older people; women, who tend to have higher levels of concern about their personal safety than men and are less willing to travel after dark.
Nature of Transport Crime
Problems on public transport, at bus stops and stations include things such as nuisance and rowdy behaviour, drunkenness, harassment and intimidation, ticket touting, aggressive begging, vandalism and graffiti, pick pocketing and other theft, robbery, assaults on other passengers, and assaults on staff. Many of these can also be problems for people making journeys by foot or bicycle.
Areas around stations and popular bus stops can have problems such as aggressive begging, street crime, vehicle crime, prostitution and drug-related problems.Concerns about crime while traveling can deter people from walking, cycling or using public transport. This may be a particular problem in more deprived areas. For example, people in the most deprived areas are around five times more likely to say that they are concerned about crime in their area and safety at bus stops than those in the least deprived areas.
Impact of Transport Crime
Certain groups are more reliant on public transport than others. Research has shown that women from black and minority ethnic communities are more dependent upon public transport than other groups. Women typically make more journeys by bus and on foot than men and travel at off-peak times more often than men. Furthermore, many older people rely upon public transport to maintain their independence.
CDRP's need to consider the safety, and concerns about safety, of people using various forms of public transport such as buses, trains, taxis, trams and the Subways/Underground. It includes tram and bus stops or shelters; stations; and routes to, from or between the start and end points of journeys by public transport. It also includes journeys by foot and bicycle.
Transport Crime Links
The transport crime web pages from the UK Department of Transport.
Advice from UK Home Office on safer journeys.
An archived Home Office toolkit for public transport crime and fear of crime reduction.